We recognized the client’s priorities were to develop a security strategy congruent with its unique threat landscape and site vulnerabilities, as well as to more effectively leverage its security budget. The objective of the pilot program was to deter and detect any acts of terrorism, attempted breaching of the site, and potential harm to critical equipment in each substation.
After conducting a thorough assessment, 15 priority sites were identified, representing a mix of urban and rural locations. For these sites, the client needed answers to some key questions:
- Which technologies are most appropriate for each site?
- What is the right solution — or combination of options — for walls and fences?
- What impact will security elements have on the safety of the substation and its transmission interconnection?
After visiting each site and assessing them on six threat metrics — ranging from theft or an active shooter to improvised explosive devices — our team provided solid answers, measurable outcomes and mitigation recommendations. Our visits also included performing OPFOR (Opposing Force) activities to test the security devices in place, both physical and technical. We worked closely with utility operational and security staffers to develop a solution set that integrated seamlessly into their system.
We prepared reports on recommended security measures for each critical site, formatted to meet the requirements of the CIP-014 standards. We also prepared detailed designs, including tailored upgrades at several substations. These employed concrete T-walls of various heights and anti cut/anti climb fencing, as well as electronic surveillance upgrades.
Our professionals reviewed survey data and existing station drawings to evaluate clearances, develop modified site plans, determine fence heights, and define design and fabrication details for barrier manufacturers. We also provided construction management support as the utility implemented some of the recommendations, extending our project assistance from beginning to end.